Color Theory

Continuing on our blog topic from last week on picking the perfect paint colors, this week we are going to discuss color theory. 

The Color Wheel:
To understand color theory you must first understand the structure of the color wheel. The color wheel is comprised of three basic color categories; primary colors, secondary colors and tertiary colors.

The three primary colors (red, yellow and blue) cannot be mixed by any combination of other colors and all other colors are derived from these 3 hues. 

Secondary colors (green, orange and purple) are each created by mixing two of the primary colors.
Tertiary Colors (Yellow-orange, red-orange, red-purple, blue-purple, blue-green and yellow-green) are each made by mixing a primary and a secondary color together.

Color Harmony:
The definition of harmony is the pleasing quality achieved by different elements of composition interacting to form a whole. As in anything in life, harmony is key, whether it is a musical arrangement or the design color scheme in your home. Harmony means that something is not under stimulated (boring) and not over stimulated (chaotic). 

A few main harmonious color schemes:
- Analogous color scheme: Colors that are closely related in hue and usually adjacent to each other on the color wheel (ex: blue, blue-green & green)
- Complementary color scheme: Two colors directly across from each other on the color wheel (ex: red & green)
-Split Complementary color scheme: A color and the two colors on either side of its complement (ex: green, red-violet & red-orange)
- Triadic color scheme- Using colors evenly spaced on the color wheel (ex: orange, purple & green)
- Color scheme based on nature: As mentioned last week, nature is a wonderful guide to color. If you see something in nature with a color scheme you are particularly drawn to, don’t be afraid to re-create it in your home.

Color is a powerful design element.  It can make a big impact on a space and can set the mood of a room.

Happy Designing!